A glut of European countries sit near the top of the leaderboard below the Asian top three. Spain and Germany have 190 destinations each, followed by Finland, Italy, and Luxembourg with 189.
France, Ireland, Portugal, and the United Kingdom are tied for sixth place with Austria, Denmark, Netherlands, and Sweden.
Along with Belgium, Norway, and Switzerland, New Zealand and the United States appear at No.7.
Once again, Afghan nationals are at the bottom of the index, with only 27 countries requiring a visa in advance.
As travel restrictions ease, there are signs that lower-ranking passports are gaining clout.
Reports indicate that Indian passport holders now have unrestricted access to 57 destinations around the world (compared to 23 in 2020), similar to what they had pre-pandemic.
It is more difficult than ever before for Russian passport holders to connect with the rest of the world because of the invasion of Ukraine.
The index does not account for temporary restrictions or airspace closures, so while the Russian passport currently sits at 50th place on the index, with a visa-free or visa-free on arrival score of 119, many of those destinations are effectively closed to Russian citizens.
According to Henley & Partners’ list, global passports are ranked according to the access they provide to their citizens.
Based on the Henley Passport Index, 199 passports are ranked based on how many visa-free destinations are accessible to their holders. It is updated live throughout the year as visa policy changes take effect.
The Passport Index considers passports from 193 United Nations member countries and six territories: ROC Taiwan, Macau (SAR China), Hong Kong (SAR China), Kosovo, Palestinian Territory, and the Vatican. The list excludes territories annexed to other countries.
With a visa-free/visa-on-arrival score of 171, the United Arab Emirates tops the index for 2022.
What are some of the other indices that rank passports in the world?
There are several other indices that rank passports, such as the Bayat Migration Index, Latitude’s Country Access Tool, and Nomad Capitalist Passport Index. It is nevertheless the Henley Passport Index and the Global Passport Index that receive the most attention.
How is the ranking for Global Passport Index determined?
The Global Passport Index uses a three-tier methodology to rank passports. These include calculating their mobility score, checking where their country ranks on the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Index, and comparing their visa-free privileges with their visa on arrival privileges.